Paros is the third island of the Cyclades in size. It is 209km2, and it has oval shape and a coast length of 120km.
During the Neolithic period, Paros along with Saliagos, Antiparos and Despotiko constituted a united island, so-called extended Paros. At this extent, known Neolithic locations are located in Koukounaries and Saliagos as well as at the castle of Parikia, which was explored in the early 19th century.
Small and big bays with sandy beaches are formed on its coastline.
The mountainous mass of Profitis Ilias (770m high) rises in the island’s interior.
In the region the terrain is flat with many arable lands. The trees that thrive here are the sea pine wood, the stone pines, the poplars, the citrus and a wide variety of brushwood. An ancient plant is crocus (Crocus sativus) or saffron (which is found in Santorini as well).
On the west of Paros there is Psychopiana, an area of special natural beauty, as the butterflies of the species Panaxia quadripunctaria find shelter here.
The terrain of Paros consists of metamorphic rocks, mostly marbles, schists and a small amount of emery. The Parian marble is found in large deposits, which was the main source of wealth in Paros.
In all periods the locals cultivated cereals, barley, vines and olive trees. Today only the barley production is significant. The fishing is one of the few sources of income on the island and Paros’s fishing fleet is one of the largest fishing fleets in Greece.