With an area covering 435km2 and a coastline of 91km, Naxos is the largest island of the Cyclades. Its shape is ellipsoid and a massif goes all the way from north to south. Mountains Zas (1004m) and Fanari (908m) stand out in the backbone of this ridge with the highest peak in the Cyclades. The island landscape presents alternations, with plains, barren areas, mountains and streams, areas rich in vegetation and sandy beaches. The coastline is almost straight and forms no large natural harbors, a fact that affected the occupations of the residents over the ancient years. Next to most of the beaches there are secluded coves.
The island produces citrus fruits, olives, vegetables, potatoes, wine. Livestock and beekeeping are quite developed. Geologically, Naxos consists mainly of metamorphic rocks of Attic-Cycladic mass, mainly schists and marbles. Mines of emery were created, a strong stone known in the antiquity as “Naxos land” and used over time in Cycladic stonework. Naxos music tradition is remarkable, with several great musicians and musical instrument manufacturers.