The dark historic memories cast their shadow on that almost uninhabited islet, only 2.5nm away from Lavrio. The memories are even harder for the thousands of Greeks, who had a relative that survived or died in the “disciplinary” hellholes. From 1912 to 1952, Makronisos operated first as a concentration camp, then as a quarantine for the refugees and finally as an exile islet for Greek political prisoners. In 1989 it was characterized by the Ministry of Culture as a civil war historic place/ monument. Construction and other interventions were prohibited and all surviving buildings on the island were considered preserved.