The iron-manganese mines at Vani
The northwestern cape of Milos, Vani, is a special place and its volcanic, tall rocks arise through the sea looking as if they guard the island. In fact, the wind and the waves have given various shapes on the rocks, which the locals call Arkoudes (Bears) or Venetsianes. The black and red colour dominate in the area where the mining has left its strong mark. The mines operated mainly during World War II for maganese and barite excavation. Maganese is the metal which is used for the production of high strength steel that is useful in heavy and war industry. On the northern section there are ruins of the administration buildings, warehouses, laboratories, residences, auxiliary spaces. You can come through a dirt road by an off road vehicle, by walking or by boat. In the area there has been created a climbing field.
The sulfur mines
The loading beam, the ship's derrick at the pier, the trolleys, the Decauville railway, the stone bridge that connected the offices to the factory, all the spaces that once hosted hundreds of workers are traced and the memories are kept alive. This is what a visitor of the area of the old sulfur mines, where the dazzling white colour dominates, through the sea, or through the dirt road that leads to Paliorema location, on the eastern coast of Milos, realises surprised. The sulfur mine of Viktoras Melas, the oldest and most important Greek business in the sector, operated at this location in 1862. In 1890 the sulfur mines came into the jurisdiction of the Company for Public and Municipal Works. However, in 1905, their operation ceized, as the production of cheap sulfur in America led the unit to decline. The sulfur mines re-operated systematically since the 1930s –and it was then that the facilities which you can see today were built. They permanently closed down in 1978.
One of the volcanic activity benefits and the meta-volcanic hydrothermal action on the island is the thermal hot springs. There are many of them on the island –in fact, some of them are in popular beaches such as Paliochori, or Provatas.